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PLANCKSZ - Updated Planck Catalog of Sunyaev-Zeldovich Sources Release 1

HEASARC
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Overview

The all-sky Planck catalog of 1,227 clusters and cluster candidates (PSZ1) derived from Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect detections using the first 15.5 months of Planck satellite observations included 683 so-called previously known clusters. PSZ1 was first published in March 2013 (Planck Collaboration 2013 (2013yCat.8091....0P, and 2014A&A...571A..29P). This HEASARC table contains an updated version of the PSZ1 catalog, version 2.1 (10-02-2015) according to the CDS documentation, reporting the further confirmation of 86 Planck-discovered clusters. In total, the PSZ1 now contains 947 confirmed clusters, of which 214 were confirmed as newly discovered clusters through follow-up observations undertaken by the Planck Collaboration. The updated PSZ1 contains redshifts for 913 systems, of which 736 (~80.6%) are spectroscopic, and associated mass estimates derived from the Yz mass proxy. A new SZ quality flag is also provided for the remaining 280 candidates. This flag was derived from a novel artificial neural-network classification of the SZ signal. Based on this assessment, the purity of the updated PSZ1 catalogue is estimated to be 94%.

Catalog Bibcode

2015A&A...581A..14P

References

Planck 2013 results.
XXXII. The updated Planck catalogue of Sunyaev-Zeldovich sources.
      Planck Collaboration, Ade P.A.R., Aghanim N., Armitage-Caplan C.,
      Arnaud M., Ashdown M., Atrio-Barandela F., Aumont J., Aussel H.,
      Baccigalupi C., Banday A.J., Barreiro R.B., Barrena R., Bartelmann M.,
      Bartlett J.G., Battaner E., Benabed K., Benoit A., Benoit-Levy A.,
      Bernard J.-P., Bersanelli M., Bielewicz P., Bikmaev I., Bobin J.,
      Bock J.J., Bohringer H., Bonaldi A., Bond J.R., Borrill J., Bouchet F.R.,
      Bridges M., Bucher M., Burenin R., Burigana C., Butler R.C.,
      Cardoso J.-F., Carvalho P., Catalano A., Challinor A., Chamballu A.,
      Chary R.-R., Chen X., Chiang H.C., Chiang L.-Y, Chon G., Christensen P.R.,
      Churazov E., Church S., Clements D.L., Colombi S., Colombo L.P.L.,
      Comis B., Couchot F., Coulais A., Crill B.P., Curto A., Cuttaia F.,
      Da Silva A., Dahle H., Danese L., Davies R.D., Davis R.J.,
      de Bernardis P., de Rosa A., de Zotti G., Delabrouille J., Delouis J.-M.,
      Democles J., Desert F.-X., Dickinson C., Diego J.M., Dolag K., Dole H.,
      Donzelli S., Dore O., Douspis M., Dupac X., Efstathiou G., Enslin T.A.,
      Eriksen H.K., Feroz F., Ferragamo A., Finelli F., Flores-Cacho I.,
      Forni O., Frailis M., Franceschi E., Fromenteau S., Galeotta S.,
      Ganga K., Genova-Santos R.T., Giard M., Giardino G., Gilfanov M.,
      Giraud-Heraud Y., Gonzalez-Nuevo J., Gorski K.M., Grainge K.J.B.,
      Gratton S., Gregorio A., Groeneboom N.E., Gruppuso A., Hansen F.K.,
      Hanson D., Harrison D., Hempel A., Henrot-Versille S.,
      Hernandez-Monteagudo C., Herranz D., Hildebrandt S.R., Hivon E.,
      Hobson M., Holmes W.A., Hornstrup A., Hovest W., Huffenberger K.M.,
      Hurier G., Hurley-Walker N., Jaffe A.H., Jaffe T.R., Jones W.C.,
      Juvela M., Keihanen E., Keskitalo R., Khamitov I., Kisner T.S.,
      Kneissl R., Knoche J., Knox L., Kunz M., Kurki-Suonio H., Lagache G.,
      Lahteenmaki A., Lamarre J.-M., Lasenby A., Laureijs R.J., Lawrence C.R.,
      Leahy J.P., Leonardi R., Leon-Tavares J., Lesgourgues J., Li C.,
      Liddle A., Liguori M., Lilje P.B., Linden-Vornle M., Lopez-Caniego M.,
      Lubin P.M., Macias-Perez J.F., MacTavish C.J., Maffei B., Maino D.,
      Mandolesi N., Maris M., Marshall D.J., Martin P.G., Martinez-Gonzalez E.,
      Masi S., Massardi M., Matarrese S., Matthai F., Mazzotta P., Mei S.,
      Meinhold P.R., Melchiorri A., Melin J.-B., Mendes L., Mennella A.,
      Migliaccio M., Mikkelsen K., Mitra S., Miville-Deschenes M.-A.,
      Moneti A., Montier L., Morgante G., Mortlock D., Munshi D., Murphy J.A.,
      Naselsky P., Nastasi A., Nati F., Natoli P., Nesvadba N.P.H.,
      Netterfield C.B., Norgaard-Nielsen H.U., Noviello F., Novikov D.,
      Novikov I., O'Dwyer I.J., Olamaie M., Osborne S., Oxborrow C.A., Paci F.,
      Pagano L., Pajot F., Paoletti D., Pasian F., Patanchon G., Pearson T.J.,
      Perdereau O., Perotto L., Perrott Y.C., Perrotta F., Piacentini F.,
      Piat M., Pierpaoli E., Pietrobon D., Plaszczynski S., Pointecouteau E.,
      Polenta G., Ponthieu N., Popa L., Poutanen T., Pratt G.W., Prezeau G.,
      Prunet S., Puget J.-L., Rachen J.P., Reach W.T., Rebolo R., Reinecke M.,
      Remazeilles M., Renault C., Ricciardi S., Riller T., Ristorcelli I.,
      Rocha G., Rosset C., Roudier G., Rowan-Robinson M., Rubino-Martin J.A.,
      Rumsey C., Rusholme B., Sandri M., Santos D., Saunders R.D.E., Savini G.,
      Schammel M.P., Scott D., Seiffert M.D., Shellard E.P.S., Shimwel T.W.,
      Spencer L.D., Starck J.-L., Stolyarov V., Stompor R., Streblyanska A.,
      Sudiwala R., Sunyaev R., Sureau F., Sutton D., Suur-Uski A.-S.,
      Sygnet J.-F., Tauber J.A., Tavagnacco D., Terenzi L., Toffolatti L.,
      Tomasi M., Tramonte D., Tristram M., Tucci M., Tuovinen J., Turler M.,
      Umana G., Valenziano L., Valiviita J., Van Tent B., Vibert L., Vielva P.,
      Villa F., Vittorio N., Wade L.A., Wandelt B.D., White M., White S.D.M.,
      Yvon D., Zacchei A., Zonca A.
    <Astron. Astrophys. 581, A14 (2015)>
    =2015A&A...581A..14P        (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)

Planck Compact Source Catalogue Public Release 1
     Planck Collaboration
    <Astron. Astrophys. 571, A29>
    =2014A&A...571A..29P
    =2013yCat.8091....0P

Provenance

This table was originally ingested by the HEASARC in May 2013. An updated version (2.1) was ingested by the HEASARC in October 2015 based on CDS Catalog J/A+A/581/A14 files psz1v2_1.dat and notes.dat.

Description

The updated Planck catalog of SZ sources PSZ1 is available at the Planck Legacy Archive (PLA, http://www.sciops.esa.int/index.php?page=Planck_Legacy_Archive&project=planck) and the SZ cluster database (http://szcluster-db.ias.u-psud.fr/). The updated PSZ1 gathers in a single table all the entries of the delivered catalog mainly based on the Planck data and the entries of the external validation information based on ancillary data (Appendices B and C of Planck Collaboration et al. (2014, A&A, 571, A29, CDS Cat. VIII/91), respectively). The updated catalog contains, when available, cluster external identifications and consolidated redshifts. The authors also added two new parameters: the redshift type and the bibliographic reference.

The complete set of Planck 2013 results were published in 2014 in a series of papers in A&A:

                Paper                    Bibcode

  Planck Collaboration, Paper I          2014A&A...571A...1P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper II         2014A&A...571A...2P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper III        2014A&A...571A...3P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper IV         2014A&A...571A...4P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper V          2014A&A...571A...5P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper VI         2014A&A...571A...6P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper VII        2014A&A...571A...7P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper VIII       2014A&A...571A...8P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper IX         2014A&A...571A...9P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper X          2014A&A...571A..10P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XI         2014A&A...571A..11P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XII        2014A&A...571A..12P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XIII       2014A&A...571A..13P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XIV        2014A&A...571A..14P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XV         2014A&A...571A..15P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XVI        2014A&A...571A..16P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XVII       2014A&A...571A..17P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XVIII      2014A&A...571A..18P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XIX        2014A&A...571A..19P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XX         2014A&A...571A..20P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXI        2014A&A...571A..21P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXII       2014A&A...571A..22P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXIII      2014A&A...571A..23P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXIV       2014A&A...571A..24P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXV        2014A&A...571A..25P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXVI       2014A&A...571A..26P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXVII      2014A&A...571A..27P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXVIII     2014A&A...571A..28P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXIX       2014A&A...571A..29P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXX        2014A&A...571A..30P
  Planck Collaboration, Paper XXXI       2014A&A...571A..31P

Parameters

Source_Number
A unique identification number for each source in the catalog, determined by the order of the clusters in the union catalog, and sorted into order of increasing Galactic longitude.

Name
The designation of the cluster/cluster candidate, e.g., 'PSZ1 GLLL.ll+BB.bb', where PSZ1 stand for 'Planck Sunyaev-Zeldovich, Release 1', and the numerical string is the truncated Galactic coordinates of the source.

RA
The Right Ascension of the cluster/cluster candidate in the selected equinox. This was given in J2000.0 decimal degrees to a precision of 10-4 degrees (0.36 arcseconds) in the original table.

Dec
The Declination of the cluster/cluster candidate in the selected equinox. This was given in J2000.0 decimal degrees to a precision of 10-4 degrees (0.36 arcseconds) in the original table.

LII
The Galactic Longitude of the cluster/cluster candidate.

BII
The Galactic Latitude of the cluster/cluster candidate.

MCXC_RA
The Right Ascension of the MCXC (Meta-Catalog of X-Ray Detected Clusters of Galaxies, Piffaretti et al. 2011, A&A, 534, A109, available at the HEASARC as the MCXC table) counterpart in the selected equinox. This was given in J2000.0 decimal degrees to a precision of 10-6 degrees (0.0036 arcseconds) in the original table.

MCXC_Dec
The Declination of the MCXC (Meta-Catalog of X-Ray Detected Clusters of Galaxies, Piffaretti et al. 2011, A&A, 534, A109, available at the HEASARC as the MCXC table) counterpart in the selected equinox. This was given in J2000.0 decimal degrees to a precision of 10-6 degrees (0.0036 arcseconds) in the original table.

Redshift
The redshift of the cluster

Redshift_Type
The type of the redshift, with the following possible values:

      undef = undefined
      estim = estimated from galaxies magnitudes
      phot  = photometric
      spec  = spectroscopic
  

Ref_Redshift
The coded source for the cluster redshift, with the following possible values:

      -1 = No redshift available
       1 = MCXC updated compilation (Piffaretti et al., 2011, A&A, 534A, 109,
            CDS Cat. J/A+A/534/A109
       2 = Databases NED and SIMBAD-CDS
       3 = SDSS cluster catalogue (Wen et al., 2012, ApJS, 199, 34,
            CDS Cat. J/ApJS/199/34
       4 = SDSS cluster catalogue (Szabo et al., 2011, ApJ, 736, 21,
            CDS Cat. J/ApJ/736/21
       5 = SPT (Vanderlinde et al., 2010, ApJ, 722.1180;
                Williamson et al., 2011, ApJ, 738, 139;
                Andersson et al., 2011, ApJ, 738, 48;
                Plagge et al., 2010, ApJ, 716, 1118;
                Reichardt et al., 2013, ApJ, 763, 127, CDS Cat. J/ApJ/763/127;
                Story et al., 2011, ApJ, 735, 36;
                Song et al., 2012, ApJ, 761, 22, CDS Cat. J/ApJ/761/22;
                Ruel J. 2013, PhDT;
                Bleem et al., 2015, ApJS, 216, 27, CDS Cat. J/ApJS/216/27)
       6 = ACT (Hasselfield et al., 2013, JCAP, 07, 008;
                Marriage et al., 2011, ApJ, 737, 61;
                Menanteau et al., 2010, ApJ, 723, 1523;
                Sifon et al., 2013, ApJ, 772, 25S, CDS Cat. J/ApJ/772/25)
       7 = Search in SDSS galaxy catalogue from Planck Collaboration
       8 = redMaPPer III catalogue (Rozo et al., 2015, MNRAS, 450, 592)
      10 = Pan-STARRS1 Survey confirmation
      20 = XMM-Newton confirmation from Planck Collaboration
      50 = ENO-imaging confirmation from Planck Collaboration
      60 = WFI-imaging confirmation from Planck Collaboration
      65 = NTT-spectroscopic confirmation from Planck Collaboration
     500 = RTT confirmation from Planck Collaboration
     600 = NOT confirmation from Planck Collaboration
     650 = GEMINI-spectroscopic confirmation from Planck Collaboration
     700 = GTC-spectroscopic confirmation from Planck Collaboration
  

Ref_Redshift_Bibcode
The ADS bibliographical reference code for the cluster redshift, where available.

Alt_Name_1
An alternative designation for the cluster or candidate, where available.

Alt_Name_2
A second alternative designation for the cluster or candidate, where available.

Alt_Name_3
A third alternative designation for the cluster or candidate, where available.

Alt_Name_4
A fourth alternative designation for the cluster or candidate, where available.

YZ_500
The SZ flux Yz in R500 or Y500, in arcmin2 units, where R500 is the radius where the mean enclosed density is 500 times the critical density at the cluster redshift, where Y500 DA2 is spherically-integrated Compton parameters within R_500, and DA is the angular-diameter distance to the cluster. The Y500 parameter is derived from the intersection of the M500 - Y500 DA2 relation, where M500 is the total mass enclosed within R500, and the size-flux degeneracy curve. The SZ mass proxy Yz is equivalent to the X-ray mass proxy YX.For all the Planck clusters with redshifts, Yz was computed assuming a flat universe with h = 0.7, Omegam = 0.3 and OmegaLambda = 0.7, allowing the authors to derive an homogeneously defined SZ mass proxy, denoted MYz500, based on X-ray calibration of the scaling relations.

YZ_500_Pos_Err
The positive uncertainty in the SZ flux Yz in R500 or Y500, in arcmin2 units.

YZ_500_Neg_Err
The negative uncertainty in the SZ flux Yz in R500 or Y500, in arcmin2 units.

Mass_YZ_500
The homogeneously defined SZ mass proxy, denoted MYz500, in units of 1014 solar masses, based on X-ray calibration of the scaling relations.

Mass_YZ_500_Pos_Err
The positive uncertainty in the homogeneously defined SZ mass proxy, denoted MYz500, in units of 1014 solar masses.

Mass_YZ_500_Neg_Err
The negative uncertainty in the homogeneously defined SZ mass proxy, denoted MYz500, in units of 1014 solar masses.

Fx
The unabsorbed X-ray flux of the cluster or candidate, measured in an aperture of 5 arcminutes in the band from 0.1 to 2.4 keV, in erg s-1 cm-2. The aperture is centered on the Planck position, except for candidates associated with a ROSAT All-Sky Survey BSC source for which the authors adopt the X-ray position. For sources with (S/N)RASS < 1 sigma, only an upper limit is quoted.

Fx_Error
The error in the unabsorbed X-ray flux of the cluster or candidate, measured in an aperture of 5 arcminutes in the band from 0.1 to 2.4 keV, in erg s-1 cm-2.

Y_PSX_500
The SZ signal, YPSX-500, in arcmin2 units, re-extracted fixing the size to the X-ray size provided in the MCXC catalog at the X-ray position, for Planck SZ clusters identified with MCXC clusters.

Y_PSX_500_SNR
The signal-to-noise of the detection of the SZ signal, YPSX-500, re-extracted fixing the size to the X-ray size provided in the MCXC catalog at the X-ray position, for Planck SZ clusters identified with MCXC clusters.

Pipeline_Used_Code
The particular detection pipeline from which the information for the source detection was taken (see Section 2.2 of the original reference paper (2014, A&A, 571, A29) for more details):

   1 = MMF1 (matched multi-filter algorithm, implementation 1),
   2 = MMF3 (matched multi-filter algorithm, implementation 3),
   3 = PwS (PowellSnakes algorithm).
  

Pipeline_Detect_Bitmask
A bitmask indicating which pipelines (detection algorithms) had significant (S/N > 4.5) detections for the source, in the order MMF1/MMF3/PwS. Thus, a value of '001' indicates that only the PowellSnakes algorithm detected that source, while a value of '111' indicates that it was detected by all 3 algorithms.

PCCS_Match
This flag parameter is set to 1 to indicate that the S-Z detection has a matching source in one or more of the 9 Planck Catalogs of Compact Source (PCCS) single-frequency catalogs.

Validation_Status
The external validation status of the cluster/cluster candidate, as follows:

       20 = previously-known cluster;
       10 = Planck cluster confirmed by follow up;
        1 = CLASS1 (high reliability) candidate;
        2 = CLASS2 (good reliability) candidate;
        3 = CLASS3 (lower reliability) candidate.
  

Ext_Name
An external identifier for the cluster.

Error_Radius
The positional uncertainty of the cluster or cluster candidate, (95% confidence level), in arcminutes.

SNR
The signal-to-noise ratio of the S-Z detection for the cluster/cluster candidate. See Section 2.3.1 of the original reference paper (2014, A&A, 571, A29) for more details.

Cosmology_Sample_Flag
This flag parameter is set to 1 to indicate that the cluster/cluster candidate is included in the sample used for cosmological analysis in Paper XX of the Planck 2013 Results set of papers.

Quality_Flag
An artificial neural network-based quality assessment of the SZ detection, QN, defined as in Aghanim et al. (2015, A&A, 580, A138). This flag separates the high-quality SZ detections from the low-quality sources such that QN < 0.4 identifies low-reliability SZ sources with a high degree of success. Figure 4 in the 2015 reference paper summarizes the number of sources for each class of Planck cluster-candidates that are below and above the threshold value of QN = 0.4. The class 1 cluster-candidates all have QN > 0.4, except for one source, for which QN = 0.39. The fraction of good QN > 0.4 SZ detections in the class 2 category is about 80%, while the fraction of QN > 0.4 candidates drops to about 30% for the class 3 cluster-candidates

Source_Note
Additional note(s) concerning the source.


Contact Person

Questions regarding the PLANCKSZ database table can be addressed to the HEASARC User Hotline.

Page Author: Browse Software Development Team
Last Modified: 9-Oct-2015