When all desired filters are in place, then you are ready to extract a
spectrum. This spectrum should be
created from the PI column in the event file (the keyword for
pha should be set to PI, if this is not the case, 'set phaname PI')
the option for the data to be regrouped
is offered when the spectrum is saved
grppha will allow you to reset the
grouping at a later stage, so answering yes to the grouping is not
going to constrain your spectral analysis).
xselect> extract spectrum
xselect> save spectrum source.sp
When using a RDF PSPC dataset you will see that the temporary spectral file made
xselect is 500 channels, and can be examined using 'plot spectrum'. As
noted in section 3.1, when you save an RDF spectrum it is truncated to 256
channels which can be fit in
When extracting an HRI spectrum, you will extract the full 16 channels spectrum, and you will be offered a default rebinning down to a single channel, on saving this spectrum. It is recommended that this rebinning be used, if the user wishes to fit the HRI data using the standard single channel HRI matrix (seee section 6.1 for details on response matrices available from legacy).
The saved spectrum can be read into
You will see that the
spectral file contains a small map image in the primary array, showing
where on the detector the events in the PHA or PI file originated.
This weighted map is known as the WMAP, and is used by
for generating an accurate
ancilliary file which is used in conjunction with
the photon redistribution matrix in the spectral fitting process.
A variety of filtering commands are available as qualifiers for a spectral extraction. These are
xselect> filter time
For example using
xselect> filter time file good_times.xsl
allows a spectrum to be extracted using the 'good time intervals' previously defined and saved to a file. The command
xselect> filter region
is almost always required in analysis of imaging data, to define the region for which your spectrum is being extracted. Region files can be defined using an saoimage display of the field of interest, as detailed in Chapter 3. For example
xselect> filter region binary_bgd.reg
will use the region file binary_bgd.reg as a spatial filter for subsequent extracted spectra.
xselect> filter phase
allows a phase to be defined, and thus good time intervals are calculated and used as a time filter for the extracted spectrum. Similarly,
xselect> filter intensity
allows the user to extract a spectrum over a user-defined count rate
xsel:ROSAT-PSPC > filter intensity > Enter ranges for intensity filtering (i.e. .01-.02,1-5) > 10-15 Making GTI to implement intensity selection with Boolean expression: * RATE>= 0.1000E+02&&RATE<= 0.1500E+02
These filters can be cleared in the usual way, e.g.
xselect> clear time good_times.xsl
Extracted spectra can be model-fit in
xspec, or manipulated (e.g.
to make ratios of high versus low state spectra ) using