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2.2 Testing the Library

The CFITSIO library should be tested by building and running the testprog.c program that is included with the release. On Unix systems type:

    % make testprog
    % testprog > testprog.lis
    % diff testprog.lis testprog.out
    % cmp testprog.std
On VMS systems, (assuming cc is the name of the C compiler command), type:

    $ cc testprog.c
    $ link testprog, cfitsio/lib, alpha$library:vaxcrtl/lib
    $ run testprog
The testprog program should produce a FITS file called `' that is identical to the `testprog.std' FITS file included with this release. The diagnostic messages (which were piped to the file testprog.lis in the Unix example) should be identical to the listing contained in the file testprog.out. The 'diff' and 'cmp' commands shown above should not report any differences in the files. (There may be some minor formatting differences, such as the presence or absence of leading zeros, or 3 digit exponents in numbers, which can be ignored).

The Fortran wrappers in CFITSIO may be tested with the testf77 program. On Unix systems the fortran compilation and link command may be called 'f77' or 'g77', depending on the system.

   % f77 -o testf77 testf77.f -L. -lcfitsio -lnsl -lsocket
   % f77 -f -o testf77 testf77.f -L. -lcfitsio    (under SUN O/S)
   % f77 -o testf77 testf77.f -Wl,-L. -lcfitsio -lm -lnsl -lsocket (HP/UX)
   % g77 -o testf77 -s testf77.f -lcfitsio -lcc_dynamic -lncurses (Mac OS-X)

   % testf77 > testf77.lis
   % diff testf77.lis testf77.out
   % cmp testf77.std
On machines running SUN O/S, Fortran programs must be compiled with the '-f' option to force double precision variables to be aligned on 8-byte boundaries to make the fortran-declared variables compatible with C. A similar compiler option may be required on other platforms. Failing to use this option may cause the program to crash on FITSIO routines that read or write double precision variables.

On Windows platforms, linking Fortran programs with a C library often depends on the particular compilers involved. Some users have found the following commands work when using the Intel Fortran compiler:

ifort /libs.dll cfitsio.lib /MD testf77.f /Gm

or possibly,

ifort /libs:dll cfitsio.lib /MD /fpp /extfpp:cfortran.h,fitsio.h
    /iface:cvf testf77.f
Also note that on some systems the output listing of the testf77 program may differ slightly from the testf77.std template if leading zeros are not printed by default before the decimal point when using F format.

A few other utility programs are included with CFITSIO:

    speed - measures the maximum throughput (in MB per second)
              for writing and reading FITS files with CFITSIO

    listhead - lists all the header keywords in any FITS file

    fitscopy - copies any FITS file (especially useful in conjunction
                 with the CFITSIO's extended input filename syntax)

    cookbook - a sample program that performs common read and
                 write operations on a FITS file.

    iter_a, iter_b, iter_c - examples of the CFITSIO iterator routine

The first 4 of these utility programs can be compiled and linked by typing

   %  make program_name

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