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6.7.1 Column Information Subroutines

Get the number of rows or columns in the current FITS table. The number of rows is given by the NAXIS2 keyword and the number of columns is given by the TFIELDS keyword in the header of the table. The FTGNRWLL routine is identical to FTGNRW except that the number of rows is returned as a 64-bit integer rather than a 32-bit integer.

        FTGNRW(unit, > nrows, status)
        FTGNRWLL(unit, > nrowsll, status)
        FTGNCL(unit, > ncols, status)

Get the table column number (and name) of the column whose name matches an input template name. The table column names are defined by the TTYPEn keywords in the FITS header. If a column does not have a TTYPEn keyword, then these routines assume that the name consists of all blank characters. These 2 subroutines perform the same function except that FTGCNO only returns the number of the matching column whereas FTGCNN also returns the name of the column. If CASESEN = .true. then the column name match will be case-sensitive.

The input column name template (COLTEMPLATE) is (1) either the exact name of the column to be searched for, or (2) it may contain wild cards characters (*, ?, or #), or (3) it may contain the number of the desired column (where the number is expressed as ASCII digits). The first 2 wild cards behave similarly to UNIX filename matching: the '*' character matches any sequence of characters (including zero characters) and the '?' character matches any single character. The # wildcard will match any consecutive string of decimal digits (0-9). As an example, the template strings 'AB?DE', 'AB*E', and 'AB*CDE' will all match the string 'ABCDE'. If more than one column name in the table matches the template string, then the first match is returned and the status value will be set to 237 as a warning that a unique match was not found. To find the other cases that match the template, simply call the subroutine again leaving the input status value equal to 237 and the next matching name will then be returned. Repeat this process until a status = 219 (column name not found) is returned. If these subroutines fail to match the template to any of the columns in the table, they lastly check if the template can be interpreted as a simple positive integer (e.g., '7', or '512') and if so, they return that column number. If no matches are found then a status = 219 error is returned.

Note that the FITS Standard recommends that only letters, digits, and the underscore character be used in column names (with no embedded spaces in the name). Trailing blank characters are not significant.

        FTGCNO(unit,casesen,coltemplate, > colnum,status)
        FTGCNN(unit,casesen,coltemplate, > colname,colnum,status)

Get the datatype of a column in an ASCII or binary table. This routine returns an integer code value corresponding to the datatype of the column. (See the FTBNFM and FTASFM subroutines in the Utilities section of this document for a list of the code values). The vector repeat count (which is alway 1 for ASCII table columns) is also returned. If the specified column has an ASCII character datatype (code = 16) then the width of a unit string in the column is also returned. Note that this routine supports the local convention for specifying arrays of strings within a binary table character column, using the syntax TFORM = 'rAw' where 'r' is the total number of characters (= the width of the column) and 'w' is the width of a unit string within the column. Thus if the column has TFORM = '60A12' then this routine will return datacode = 16, repeat = 60, and width = 12. (The TDIMn keyword may also be used to specify the unit string length; The pair of keywords TFORMn = '60A' and TDIMn = '(12,5)' would have the same effect as TFORMn = '60A12').

The second routine, FTEQTY is similar except that in the case of scaled integer columns it returns the 'equivalent' data type that is needed to store the scaled values, and not necessarily the physical data type of the unscaled values as stored in the FITS table. For example if a '1I' column in a binary table has TSCALn = 1 and TZEROn = 32768, then this column effectively contains unsigned short integer values, and thus the returned value of typecode will be the code for an unsigned short integer, not a signed short integer. Similarly, if a column has TTYPEn = '1I' and TSCALn = 0.12, then the returned typecode will be the code for a 'real' column.

        FTGTCL(unit,colnum, > datacode,repeat,width,status)
        FTEQTY(unit,colnum, > datacode,repeat,width,status)

Return the display width of a column. This is the length of the string that will be returned when reading the column as a formatted string. The display width is determined by the TDISPn keyword, if present, otherwise by the data type of the column.

        FTGCDW(unit, colnum, > dispwidth, status)

Get information about an existing ASCII table column. (NOTE: TSCAL and TZERO must be declared as Double Precision variables). All the returned parameters are scalar quantities.

        FTGACL(unit,colnum, >

Get information about an existing binary table column. (NOTE: TSCAL and TZERO must be declared as Double Precision variables). DATATYPE is a character string which returns the datatype of the column as defined by the TFORMn keyword (e.g., 'I', 'J','E', 'D', etc.). In the case of an ASCII character column, DATATYPE will have a value of the form 'An' where 'n' is an integer expressing the width of the field in characters. For example, if TFORM = '160A8' then FTGBCL will return DATATYPE='A8' and REPEAT=20. All the returned parameters are scalar quantities.

        FTGBCL(unit,colnum, >

Put (append) a TDIMn keyword whose value has the form '(l,m,n...)' where l, m, n... are the dimensions of a multidimensional array column in a binary table.

        FTPTDM(unit,colnum,naxis,naxes, > status)

Return the number of and size of the dimensions of a table column. Normally this information is given by the TDIMn keyword, but if this keyword is not present then this routine returns NAXIS = 1 and NAXES(1) equal to the repeat count in the TFORM keyword.

        FTGTDM(unit,colnum,maxdim, > naxis,naxes,status)

Decode the input TDIMn keyword string (e.g. '(100,200)') and return the number of and size of the dimensions of a binary table column. If the input tdimstr character string is null, then this routine returns naxis = 1 and naxes[0] equal to the repeat count in the TFORM keyword. This routine is called by FTGTDM.

        FTDTDM(unit,tdimstr,colnum,maxdim, > naxis,naxes, status)

Return the optimal number of rows to read or write at one time for maximum I/O efficiency. Refer to the ``Optimizing Code'' section in Chapter 5 for more discussion on how to use this routine.

        FTGRSZ(unit, > nrows,status)

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