LCMATH (Aug96)                xanadu.xronos               LCMATH (Aug96)

    lcmath - Subtracts or adds two binned lightcurves.
    lcmath infile bgfile outfile multi multb
    This  program takes as input two binned lightcurves and calculates a
    result lightcurve either subtracting  (second  from  the  first)  or
    adding  the  two  input  files. The two input files should cover the
    same time interval. In particular the start time and the  stop  time
    of  the  first  lightcurve  should  be included within the start and
    stop time of the second lightcurve. Error are prompt  if  the  start
    and/or the stop are outside of the time interval of the second file.
    The time resolution of the two  files  can  be  different,  but  the
    integration  time of the first input file should be always less than
    or equal to that in the seconf input file. The task  does  not  work
    for  input  files  containing  "EVENT"  table.  Constant scaling and
    additive factors can be separately input for  both  lightcurves.  By
    default,  the  task  will  apply  any vignetting (or collimator) and
    deadtime correction information contained in the input file  (header
    keywords  VIGNET  and DEADC) to the result lightcurve.  The user may
    cancel this correction setting the parameter "docor".   The  columns
    names  recognized  by  the task are TIME, COUNT, RATE and ERROR. The
    units (TUNITn keyword) are expected to be 'count'  for  column  name
    'COUNT'   and  'count/s'  for  column  name  RATE.  The  input  file 
    structure is a FITS bintable with data stored in  the  column  COUNT
    or  RATE  either  as a single element or a vector of element in each
    row. For the last case the task works correctly only if  the  column
    n  contains  a  vector  of counts in different channel (the value of
    the column keyword 1CTYPn  should  be  'CHANNEL').   The  paramaters
    "emin"  and "emax" are applicable in this case. The structure of the
    output file will have always data stored  as  a  single  element  in
    each row.
    If  scaling  and additive factors are input for both file1 and file2
    the derived counts are calculated  as:               count1=M1*x1  +
    C1       count2=M2*x2  +  C2  where  M1 and M2 are the input scaling
    values for the first and second lightcurve respectively; C1  and  C2
    are  the  additive  input  factors  in  counts  (rescaling  for  the 
    fractional exposure) and x1 and x2 are the value  always  in  counts
    read  from  the  files  (if the file contains rate x1 and x2 are the
    value after rescaling for the integration and exposure  time).   The
    final  results  in  the  output  file  will be:              count3=
    count1 -/+ count2 divided for the integration time.  The  error  for
    count3   is   calculated  as:               err3=  sqrt(  err1**2  + 
    err2**2) where err3, err2, and err1 are the  error  values  for  the
    count3,   count2   and   count1   respectively.   To  calculate  the 
    individual errors (i.e. err1 for the quantity count1  and  err2  for
    the  quantity  count2)  the  user  can choose one of the 6 different
    methods listed below.
    Method 1   err1=sqrt((sqrt(M1*sx1*sx1))**2 + C1)
    Method 2   err1=sqrt((M1*sx1)**2)
    Method 3   err1=sqrt( (sqrt(M1*sx1*sx1))**2)
    Method 4   err1=sqrt( (M1*sx1)**2 + C1)
    Method 5   err1=sqrt(count1)
    Method 6   The error in the output file is set equal  to  the  value
      of the error of first input file (i.e. err3=sx1)
    If  the  file contains an error column, sx1 is the value in the file
    rescaled for the integration time and exposure, otherwise sx1 is set
    as  the  sqrt(x1)  or  sqrt(x2). If x1 or x2 are 0 the error (sx1 or
    sx2) is set to 1. If the  scaling  factor  is  1  and  the  additive
    factor is 0, the methods 1,2,3,4 are equivalent.
    infile [filename]
        The  name  of the first input lightcurve. If the task is used in
        subtraction mode the file should contain source+background data.
    bgfile [filename]
        The name of the second input lightcurve. If the task is used  in
        subtraction mode the file should contain background data.
    outfile [filename]
        The  name  of the output result lightcurve. If lcmath is used in
        the subtracting mode the file contain source data only  and  the
        keyword BACKAPP is added or updated.
    multi = 1. [real]
        Scaling factor for first input lightcurve.
    multb = 1. [real]
        Scaling  factor  for  second  input  lightcurve  (or  background 
    (addsubr = no) [boolean]
        Flag to Add input lightcurve instead of  subtract.  The  default
        value is set to subtract (addsubr=no no add) the lightcurve.
    (addi = 0.) [real]
        Additive  offset  for  first input lightcurve. This value should
        be given as counts (internally the value corrected for  the  bin
        fractional exposure).
    (addb = 0.) [real]
        Additive  offset  for  second  input  lightcurve  (or background
        lightcurve).  This value should be given as  counts  (internally
        the value is corrected for the bin fractional exposure).
    (docor = yes) [boolean]
        Whether  to  apply  the corrections to the result lightcurve. If
        the input lightcurves have stored in the header  the  vignetting
        or  collimator (VIGNET keyword) and the deadtime (keyword DEADC)
        correction,  this  is  also  apply  by  default  to  the  output 
    (emin = 0) [integer]
        Minimum energy channel to use.  Enter 0 for no lower bound.
    (emax = 0) [integer]
        Maximum energy channel to use.  Enter 0 for no upper bound.
    (err_mode = 0) [integer]
        Method   to   calculate  the  errors  on  the  individual  input 
        lightcurve.  The value of the paramater ranges from 1 to 5  (see
        ERRORS section) and is default to 1.  ERROR
    (tchat = 10) [integer]
        Terminal chattiness level.
    (lchat = 0) [integer]
        Logfile chattiness level.
    Report        problems       to       angelini@lheavx.gsfc.nasa.gov,      
    xanprob@athena.gsfc.nasa.gov.  Provide a detailed description of the
    problem (possible a log file).

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