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NGC1332CXO - NGC 1332 Chandra X-Ray Compact Source Catalog

HEASARC
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Overview

Chandra ACIS-S3 (Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer) observations of the nearby S0 galaxy NGC 1332 resolve much of the X-ray emission into 73 point sources, of which 37 lie within the D25 isophote. The remaining galaxy emission comprises hot, diffuse gas and unresolved sources and is discussed in two companion papers. The point-source X-ray luminosity function (XLF) shows the characteristic break seen in other early-type galaxies at ~2 x 1038 ergs s-1. After applying corrections for detection incompleteness at low luminosities due to source confusion and contamination from diffuse galactic emission, the break vanishes and the data are well described as a single power law. This result casts further doubt on there being a "universal" XLF break in early-type galaxies, marking the division between neutron star and black hole systems. The logarithmic slope of the differential XLF (dN/dL), beta = 2.7 +/- 0.5, is marginally (~2.5 sigma) steeper than has been found for analogous completeness-corrected fits of other early-type galaxies but closely matches the behavior seen at high luminosities in these systems. Two of the sources within D25 are ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs), although neither have LX > 2 x 1039 ergs s-1. The absence of very luminous ULXs in early-type galaxies suggests a break in the XLF slope at ~1-2 x 1039 ergs s-1, although the data were not of sufficient quality to constrain such a feature in NGC 1332. The sources have a spatial distribution consistent with the optical light and display a range of characteristics that are consistent with an LMXB population. The general spectral characteristics of the individual sources, as well as the composite source spectra, are in good agreement with observations of other early-type galaxies, although a small number of highly absorbed sources are seen. Two sources have very soft spectra, two show strong variability, indicating compact binary nature, and one source shows evidence of an extended radial profile. The authors do not detect a central source in NGC 1332, but find a faint (LX = 2 +/- 1 x 1038 ergs s-1) point source coincident with the center of the companion dwarf galaxy NGC 1331.

The region of sky containing NGC 1332 was observed with the ACIS instrument aboard Chandra between 2002 September 19 10:39 and September 20 02:59 UTC for a nominal ~60 ksec exposure.. This table contains the 73 bona fide X-ray compact sources detected in this observation, excluding one source centered within 1" of the galaxy centroid that is actually the central part of the diffuse galactic emission, one source within the D25 isophote of the neighboring galaxy NGC 1331, and one source with no photons within the 0.5-7.0 keV band which is likely to be spurious. The spatial extent of 72 of the 73 sources is consistent with the instrumental PSF. One source (number 14) is clearly more extended than the PSF.


Catalog Bibcode

2004ApJ...612..848H

References

A Chandra view of the normal S0 galaxy NGC 1332. I. An unbroken, steep power-law
luminosity function for the low-mass X-ray binary population.
    Humphrey P.J., Buote D.A.
   <Astrophys. J., 612, 848-859 (2004)>
   =2004ApJ...612..848H

Provenance

This table was created by the HEASARC in May 2018 based on CDS Catalog J/ApJ/612/848 file table1.dat, the list of detected X-ray sources in the Chandra observation of NGC 1332.

Parameters

Source_Number
A unique sequential identification number for each X-ray source in the catalog.

Name
The name of the Chandra source using the "CXOU" prefix (for Chandra X-ray Observatory Unregistered source) and the J2000.0 coordinates of the source in the standard "JHHMMSS.s+DDMMSS" format.

RA
The Right Ascension of the Chandra X-ray source in the selected equinox. This parameter was derived by the HEASARC from the CXOU source name and thus is precise only to 0.1 seconds of time (and truncated).

Dec
The Declination of the Chandra X-ray source in the selected equinox. This parameter was derived by the HEASARC from the CXOU source name and thus is precise only to 1 arcsecond (and truncated).

LII
The Galactic Longitude of the Chandra X-ray source.

BII
The Galactic Latitude of the Chandra X-ray source.

Count_Rate
The count rate of the X-ray source in the 0.3-5 keV energy range, in ct/s (converted by the HEASARC from the ct/10ks units used in the original table). This is the sum of the count rates in the three individual bands, a soft band (S) from 0.3 to 1.5 keV, a medium band (M) from 1.5 to 3 keV, and a hard band (H) from 3.0 to 5.0 keV. The quoted count rates are not corrected for exposure map variations.

Lx_Spec
The X-ray luminosity of the source in the 0.3-7.0 keV band as estimated from fitting the spectra (see Section 4.3 of the reference paper), in erg s-1. This is calculated assuming it is associated with NGC 1332 and thus is at a distance of 23 Mpc.

Lx_Spec_Pos_Err
The positive error in the X-ray luminosity of the source in the 0.3-7.0 keV band as estimated from fitting the spectra (see Section 4.3 of the reference paper), in erg s-1.

Lx_Spec_Neg_Err
The negative error in the X-ray luminosity of the source in the 0.3-7.0 keV band as estimated from fitting the spectra (see Section 4.3 of the reference paper), in erg s-1.

Lx_Rate
The X-ray luminosity of the source in the 0.3-7.0 keV band as estimated from the exposure-corrected count rate (see Section 4.3 of the reference paper), in erg s-1. This is calculated assuming it is associated with NGC 1332 and thus is at a distance of 23 Mpc.

Lx_Rate_Error
The error in the X-ray luminosity of the source in the 0.3-7.0 keV band as estimated from the exposure-corrected count rate (see Section 4.3 of the reference paper), in erg s-1.

Radial_Distance
The angular distance of the Chandra source from the Galaxy centroid, in arcminutes.

D25_Flag
This parameter contains a flag which indicates whether ('Y') or not ('N') the source lies within the the B-Band 25th magnitude isophote (D25) of NGC 1332.

Source_Flags
This parameter can contain flag(s) which indicate the following comment(s) concerning the Chandra source:

      A  = absorbed spectrum;
      B  = soft spectrum;
      C  = close to chip edge (flux may be unreliable);
      E  = extended;
      G  = coincident with a globular cluster (GC);
      NG = in the WFPC2 FOV but not coincident with a GC;
      R  = also seen with ROSAT;
      V  = variable.
  

Contact Person

Questions regarding the NGC1332CXO database table can be addressed to the HEASARC User Hotline.
Page Author: Browse Software Development Team
Last Modified: Tuesday, 29-May-2018 14:21:12 EDT