TGS2 - EXOSAT TGS Spectra and Lightcurves
There are two databases TGS and TGS2 as follows:
* TGS - the grating spectra averaged over the positive and negative orders * TGS2 - the postive and negative orders kept separateTGS provides a better overview of the spectrum, and is quicker to use with a spectral fitting program. This is the default that most users will want to use. Once a user has become more expert and want to see, for example, if a subtle feature is present in both halves of the grating spectra, the user can access TGS2.
One of the CMAs failed on 28 October 1983, while the other proved more resilient and lasted until the end of operations. The mechanism for raising the grating on one of the telescopes failed on 15 September 1983 with the grating out of the telescope field of view. The other grating was unfortunately on the telescope where the CMA detector had failed and grating observations were no longer possible.
A total of 24 sources were observed with one or both transmission grating spectrometers, from which 19 gave a useful spectrum. These spectra were extracted from the CMA images. For some sources multiple spectra were extracted based on one of several criteria:
* change in pointing position, * change in filter, * variability of the source (flaring), * simultaneous GSPC or ME observations, * level of signal-to-noise.The final products database contains these spectra, corresponding background spectra and response matrices as input files to the spectral fitting program XSPEC.
The contribution of (instrumental) background was determined from integrating over the same mask in the image of a long blank-field exposure. The normalization of this background spectrum came from comparing the number of counts in four boxes in the image. In addition the spectrum is corrected for dead time and sum-signal of the CMA. In the spectra of hard X-ray sources the zero order flux has a significant contribution to the (negative and positive) first order flux. For each spectrum this zero order contribution was determined and added to the background file.
For the TGS database the positive and negative orders were added, which resulted in spectra of 1024 channels, with channel 1 containing photons with the highest energy.
Name of the Associated Background Files
Name of the Associated Response Files
Name of the Associated Spectrum Files
Source Galactic Latitude
Accumulation interval for the lightcurve in seconds.
Comments Regarding Width of Mask Used to Extract Grating Spectra from LE Image
The parameters count_rate and count_rate_error contain the overall ct/s and error for the source.
Count Rate Error
Creator (auto, aux)
The declination of the target.
Duration i.e. stop-start
The `exposure` is the total on-source observation time in seconds. This includes all dead time effects, interruptions in coverage etc.
Background spectral file
Source spectral file
The number of the filter used (see the CMA database documentation).
The number of lines per mm for the grating. It is either 1000 or 500.
* `L1` - 1000 l/mm * `L2` - 500 l/mm
Creation Time of This Entry
Source Galactic Longitude
The `name` parameter gives the target name. This name usually corresponds to the target name as specified by the original observer. If a source has been observed by different observers it may be entered under two or more names. It is always recommended that any search by `name` be followed by a search on the found coordinates.
Number of time bins in the lightcurve.
Pointing Right Ascension
Creation Time of Data Files
Quality Flag (ME uses 0=unusable 5=perfect)
The RA of the target.
Roll Angle *10 degrees
Sequence Number of Observation
The `time` of the observation refers to the start time. This is listed as yr.day, where yr is the last two digits of the year and day is the day of the year, e.g., day 300 of 1984 is 84.300. All times are stored internally as a short history file key (SHF) which is the number of seconds before or after 1 January 1980 at 00:00 hrs UT. Times are accurate to the nearest second.
X pixel position of the zero order.
Y pixel position of the zero order.