Assuming that source and background spectra have been extracted as in § 7.4.1 and 7.4.2, and the RMF and ARF created as in §7.4.5 and 7.4.6, spectral fitting will be demonstrated using HEASoft software.
Nearly all spectra will need to be binned for statistical purposes. The procedure grppha, located in the HEASARC folder in the Available Tools window, provides an excellent mechanism to do just that. While some users may prefer the Hera GUI, it is often easier and more useful to simply enter the commands in the Command Window, especially as only one command may be entered at a time using the GUI interface. (With the GUI, the commands are entered in the two ``GRPPHA'' text boxes, and the last command entered must be exit to avoid a hung session.) In light of this, only instructions for the Command Window are shown here.
The following commands not only group the source spectrum for Xspec but also associate the appropriate background and response files for the source.
To group the source spectrum using the Command Window, type:
and edit the parameters and file names as appropriate:
Please enter PHA filename mos1_source_pi.fits ! input spectrum file name Please enter output filename mos1_grp.fits ! output grouped spectrum GRPPHA chkey BACKFILE mos1_bkg_pi.fits ! include the background spectrum GRPPHA chkey RESPFILE mos1_rmf.fits ! include the RMF GRPPHA chkey ANCRFILE mos1_arf.fits ! include the ARF GRPPHA group min 25 ! group the data by 25 counts/bin GRPPHA exit
Upon exiting, the output file mos1_grp.fits will appear in your working directory.