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##

nsagrav: NS H atmosphere model for different g

This model provides the spectra emitted from a nonmagnetic hydrogen
atmosphere of a neutron star with surface gravitational acceleration
ranging from to cm/s, allowed by equations
of state for the neutron star matter (the nsa model gives
the spectra calculated for
cm/s). The
uniform surface (effective) temperature is in the range of
. The atmosphere is in radiative and
hydrostatic equilibrium; sources of heat are well below the
atmosphere. The radiative force and electron heat conduction are
included in the models, but they are of no importance in the specified
ranges of and . The model spectra are provided as seen by
a distant observer, with allowance for the GR effects.

The neutron star mass and radius determine the redshift parameter,

and the gravitational acceleration at the surface,

cm/s, where is in units of solar mass, and is in km.
The allowed domain in the - plane corresponds to
and
cm/s. (This domain is restricted by
the solid curves in the figure). If chosen and values
correspond to or/and values outside the allowed domain, then
the code sets the latter to be the closest limiting values (e.g., if
one chooses , , then the code will use
instead of corresponding to the and
chosen), which would lead to unphysical results.

The values of the effective temperature and radius as measured by a
distant observer (``values at infinity'') are:

The nsagrav model may be useful for putting constraints on
and from spectral fits to thermal emission detected from neutron
stars, provided the quality of the observational data are good enough
to warrant a detailed analysis. The parameters and can be fixed at
specific values or allowed to vary within a reasonable range (see the
note above). For example, one can run spectral fits on a - grid
(using the steppar command) within the allowed parameter domain (see
above).

Please send your comments/questions (if any) to Slava Zavlin
(vyacheslav.zavlin@msfc.nasa.gov) and/or George Pavlov
(pavlov@astro.psu.edu). If you publish results obtained using this
model please reference Zavlin et al. (1996).

par1 |
: (unredshifted) effective temperature |

par2 |
: neutron star gravitational mass (in units of Solar
mass) |

par3 |
: ``true'' neutron star radius (km) |

norm |
where is the distance to the object in pc |

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