The Gamma-1 telescope was the principle instrument aboard the Gamma observatory. It was designed to perform detailed studies in the energy range 50 MeV - 6 GeV. The system consisted of 2 scintillation counters and a gas Cerenkov counter. It had an effective area of ~2000 sq-cm. Its angular resolution at 100 MeV was 1.5 degrees. The imaging field of view was +/- 2.5 degrees. The energy resolution was 12% at 100 MeV. Rather late in the game, it was decided to include a tungsten coded aperture mask which could be moved in and out of the field of view. The mask itself was made of 2 1-D masks each having a unit cell size of 1 mm. The basic resolution achieved by the mask was ~20 arcminutes for the weakest sources (4-sigma). Shortly after launch, the power to the spark chamber failed. This resulted in the angular resolution for most of the mission being only ~ 10 degrees. The telescope was a joint Soviet-French endeavor.
The Telezvezda star tracker worked together with the Gamma-1 telescope. It had a 6 deg x 6 deg field of view, and a 5th stellar magnitude sensitivity. It had an angular resolution of 2 arcmin, making it possible to determine the Gamma-1 pointing direction to the same accuracy.
The Disk-M telescope was designed to measure fluxes in the range 20 keV - 5 MeV. The detector consisted of NaI scintillation crystals. The angular resolution of the telescope was ~ 25 arcmin. The Disk-M telescope stopped working not long after launch.
The Pulsar X-2 telescope covered 2-25 keV with ~ 30 arcmin resolution and a 10 deg x 10 deg field of view. The telescope was a joint Soviet-French endeavor.
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