Selected Past Missions

  • ANS - Lifetime: Aug 1974 - June 1977, Energy Range: 0.1 - 30 keV and 1500-3300 Angstoms

  • Ariel V - Lifetime: Oct 1974 - Mar 1980, Energy Range: 0.3 - 40 keV

  • ASCA - Lifetime: 1993 - 2001, First X-ray mission to combine imaging capability with broad pass band, good spectral resolution, and a large effective area

  • BBXRT - Lifetime: Dec 1990, Energy Range: 0.3 - 12 keV, Shuttle-borne instrument

  • BeppoSAX - Lifetime: 1996 - 2002, Broad-band energy coverage and X-ray imaging of the sources associated with gamma-ray bursts and thus determining their positions with an unprecedented precision

  • CGRO (Compton Gamma Ray Observatory) - Lifetime: 1991 - 2000, First Great Gamma-Ray observatory. Discovery of an isotropic distribution of gamma-ray bursts

  • Copernicus - Lifetime: Aug 1972 - late 1980, Energy Range: 0.5 - 10 keV

  • COS-B - Lifetime: Aug 1975 - Apr 1982, Energy Range: 2 keV - 5 GeV

  • DXS - Lifetime: Jan 1993, Energy Range: 0.15 - 0.28 keV, Shuttle-borne instrument

  • Einstein - Lifetime: Nov 1978 - Apr 1981, Energy Range: 0.2 - 20 keV

  • EUVE (Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer) - Lifetime: 1992 - 2001, First dedicated extreme ultraviolet mission

  • EXOSAT - Lifetime: May 1983 - Apr 1986, Energy Range: 0.05 - 20 keV, 90-hour highly eccentric Earth orbit

  • Ginga - Lifetime: Feb 1987 - Nov 1991, Energy Range: 1 - 400 keV

  • Granat - Lifetime: Dec 1989 - Nov 1998, Energy Range: 2 keV - 100 MeV

  • Hakucho - Lifetime: Feb 1979 - Apr 1985, Energy Range: 0.1 - 100 keV

  • HEAO-1 - Lifetime: Aug 1977 - Jan 1979, Energy Range: 0.2 - 10 keV

  • HEAO-3 - Lifetime: Sep 1979 - May 1981, Energy Range: 50 keV - 10 MeV

  • HETE-2 - Lifetime: Oct 2000 - Oct 2006, Energy Range: 0.5 - 400 keV, designed to detect and localize gamma-ray bursts

  • OSO-7 - Lifetime: Sep 1971 - Jul 1974, Energy Range: 1 keV - 10 MeV

  • OSO-8 - Lifetime: Jun 1975 - Sep 1978, Energy Range: 0.15 keV - 1 MeV

  • ROSAT (Roentgen Satellite) - Lifetime: 1990 - 1999, All-sky survey in the soft X-ray band with catalog containing more than 150000 objects

  • RXTE - Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. Lifetime: Dec 1995 - Jan 2012, Energy Range: 1.5 - 240 keV, very large collecting area and all-sky soft X-ray monitor, precision timing with 1 microsecond resolution

  • SAS-2 - Lifetime: Nov 1972 - Jun 1973, Energy Range: 20 Mev - 1 GeV

  • SAS-3 - Lifetime: May 1975 - 1979, Energy Range: 0.1 - 60 keV

  • Tenma - Lifetime: Feb 1983 - late 1984, Energy Range: 0.1 - 60 keV

  • Uhuru - Lifetime: Dec 1970 - Mar 1973, Energy Range: 2 - 20 keV

  • Vela 5B - Lifetime: May 1969 - Jun 1979, Energy Range: 3 - 750 keV


  • Here is a complete list of missions that carried X-ray or gamma-ray instrumentation and looked at cosmic sources.
    This file was last modified on Tuesday, 03-Apr-2018 13:50:50 EDT
    Curator: Meredith Gibb


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    Last modified: Tuesday, 03-Apr-2018 13:50:50 EDT