X-ray and Gamma-ray Missions as a Function of Time

Selected Missions

plot of selected missions by time

1990-present

1976-1989

Pre-1976

Selecting a mission name will take you to a description of the mission, satellite, and instrumentation.
Mission charts legend


Launches since 1990
Chart of satellites versus time (1990 - present) Suzaku (Astro-E2) Swift INTEGRAL HETE-2 XMM Chandra Argos (USA) MINISAT 1 BeppoSAX IRS-P3 NEAR RXTE DMSP 13 DMSP 12 Wind Alexis ASCA DXS Mars Observer Eureca EUVE SROSS-3 DMSP 11 CGRO BBXRT DMSP 10 Ulysses Gamma ROSAT

Launches from 1976 to 1989
Chart of satellites versus time (1976-1989) Granat Phobos 2 Phobos 1 DMSP 9 DMSP 8 Ginga Kvant Spacelab 2 Spartan 1 Spacelab 1 Prognoz 9 EXOSAT Astron Tenma Venera 13 and 14 Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) HEAO 3 Cosmos 1106 Ariel 6 P78-1 Hakucho HEAO 2 (Einstein) Prognoz 7 Venera 11 and 12 ISEE-3 PVO Prognoz 6 HEAO 1 SIGNE 3 Cosmos 914 Cosmos 856 Solrad 11A and 11B Helios 2

Launches before 1976
Chart of satellites versus time (prior to 1976) COS B Apollo-Soyuz OSO 8 SAS 3 Aryabhata Salyut 4 Ariel 5 ANS Skylab Mars 4 and 5 SAS 2 IMP 7 Radsat Copernicus Prognoz 2 Apollo 16 TD-1A Cosmos 461 OSO 7 Apollo 15 Cosmos 428 IMP 6 Uhuru Vela 6A and 6B OSO 6 OGO 6 Vela 5B Vela 5A OSO 5 ESRO-2B OGO 5 OSO 4 Cosmos 163 ORS 4 OSO 3 Cosmos 135 Luna 12 OGO 3 Luna 10 Proton 2 ORS 3 Proton 1 Cosmos 60 OGO 1 Ranger 5 OSO 1 Ranger 3 Explorer 11

Table of Missions by Time

Mission Low Energy High Energy Launch Deorbit/Loss Data?
Explorer 11 50000 500000 04/27/1961 09/10/1961
Ranger 3 20 3000 01/26/1962 01/26/1962
OSO 1 50 3000 07/03/1962 06/08/1963
Ranger 5 20 3000 10/18/1962 10/21/1962
OGO 1 80 1000 05/09/1964 01/11/1971
Cosmos 60 500 2000 03/12/1965 03/17/1965
Proton 1 50000 450000 07/16/1965 10/11/1965
ORS 3 30 10000 07/20/1965 11/03/1965
Proton 2 50000 450000 11/02/1965 06/02/1966
Luna 10 300 3000 03/31/1966 04/03/1966
OGO 3 80 1000 06/07/1966 02/29/1972
Luna 12 300 3000 10/22/1966 10/26/1966
Cosmos 135 400 2500 12/12/1966 04/12/1967
OSO 3 7.7 400000 03/08/1967 11/10/1969
ORS 4 250 6000 04/28/1967 06/03/1968
Cosmos 163 300 3700 06/05/1967 10/11/1967
OSO 4 8 200 10/18/1967 12/07/1971
OGO 5 9.6 1000 03/04/1968 07/14/1972
ESRO-2B 0.2 12.5 05/17/1968 05/08/1971
OSO 5 14 255 01/22/1969 07/01/1975
Vela 5A 3 750 05/23/1969 04/01/1979
Vela 5B 3 750 05/23/1969 06/19/1979 HEASARC
OGO 6 23 500 06/05/1969 07/14/1972
OSO 6 27 189 08/09/1969 01/01/1972
Vela 6A & 6B 3 1500 04/08/1970 04/01/1979
Uhuru 2 20 12/12/1970 03/01/1973  
IMP 6 53 1150 03/14/1971 09/27/1972
Cosmos 428 2 30 06/04/1971 07/06/1971
Apollo 15 550 8600 07/26/1971 08/07/1971
OSO 7 1 10000 09/29/1971 09/07/1974  
Cosmos 461 28 4100 12/02/1971 02/21/1979
TD-1A 3 300000 03/11/1972 07/01/1973
Apollo 16 550 8600 04/16/1972 04/27/1972
Prognoz 2 400 11800 06/29/1972 12/15/1972
Copernicus 0.5 10 08/21/1972 07/01/1973 HEASARC
Radsat 40 2800 10/02/1972 05/01/1973
IMP 7 53 1150 10/12/1972 10/31/1978
SAS 2 20000 1000000 11/15/1972 06/08/1973 HEASARC
Mars 4 1000 9000 07/21/1973 02/10/1974
Mars 5 1000 9000 07/25/1973 02/12/1974
Skylab 0.12 0.3 07/28/1973 07/28/1973
ANS 0.2 30 08/30/1974 04/26/1976  
Ariel 5 0.3 40 10/15/1974 03/14/1980 HEASARC
Salyut 4 0.2 10 12/26/1974 02/02/1977
Aryabhata 2.5 20000 04/19/1975 04/23/1975
SAS 3 0.15 60 05/07/1975 04/09/1979  
OSO 8 0.15 1000 06/21/1975 10/15/1978 HEASARC
Apollo-Soyuz 0.18 10 07/17/1975 07/19/1975
COS B 30000 5000000 08/09/1975 04/25/1982 HEASARC
Helios 2 60 1500 01/15/1976 01/01/1981
Solrad 11A 200 2000 04/15/1976 07/01/1977
Solrad 11B 200 2000 04/15/1976 12/01/1976
Cosmos 856 100000 4000000 09/22/1976 10/05/1976
Cosmos 914 100000 4000000 05/31/1977 06/13/1977
SIGNE 3 20 10000 06/17/1977 06/22/1979
HEAO 1 0.15 10000 08/12/1977 01/09/1979 HEASARC
Prognoz 6 20 3000 09/22/1977 03/01/1978
PVO 100 2000 05/20/1978 10/08/1992
ISEE-3 5 3000 08/12/1978 01/01/1982
Venera 11 5 3000 09/09/1978 02/01/1980
Venera 12 5 3000 09/14/1978 04/01/1980
Prognoz 7 50 3000 10/30/1978 06/01/1979
Einstein (HEAO 2) 0.1 4 11/13/1978 04/15/1981 HEASARC
Hakucho 0.1 100 02/21/1979 01/01/1984  
P78-1 3 10 02/24/1979 09/13/1985
Ariel 6 0.25 50 06/02/1979 02/01/1982
Cosmos 1106 100 3000 06/12/1979 06/25/1979
HEAO 3 50 10000 09/20/1979 05/29/1981 HEASARC
SMM 30 100000 02/14/1980 12/02/1989
Venera 13 3 2000 10/30/1981 03/01/1983
Venera 14 3 2000 11/04/1981 03/01/1983
Tenma 0.1 60 02/20/1983 01/01/1985  
Astron 2 25 03/23/1983 01/01/1988
EXOSAT 0.05 40 05/26/1983 09/04/1986 HEASARC
Prognoz 9 40 8000 07/01/1983 03/01/1984
Spacelab 1 2 30 11/28/1983 12/08/1983
Spartan 1 1 12 06/20/1985 06/22/1985
Spacelab 2 2.5 25 07/29/1985 08/06/1985
Kvant 2 800 03/31/1987 03/23/2001
Ginga 1 400 05/02/1987 01/11/1991 HEASARC
DMSP 8 20 1000 06/20/1987 08/01/1994
DMSP 9 20 1000 02/03/1988 04/03/1992
Phobos 1 4 900 07/07/1988 09/02/1988
Phobos 2 4 900 12/07/1988 03/27/1989
Granat 2 100 01/12/1989 11/30/1998  
ROSAT 0.1 2.4 06/01/1990 02/18/1999 HEASARC
Gamma 20 6000000 07/11/1990 01/01/1992
Ulysses 5 150 10/06/1990 06/30/2009
DMSP 10 20 1000 12/01/1990 09/26/1994
BBXRT 0.3 12 12/02/1990 12/11/1990 HEASARC
CGRO 30 30000000 04/05/1991 06/01/1900 HEASARC
DMSP 11 20 1000 11/28/1991 05/16/2000
SROSS 3 20 3000 05/20/1992 07/14/1992
EUVE 0.02 0.2 06/07/1992 01/31/2001 HEASARC
EURECA 6 150 07/31/1992 01/07/1993
Mars Observer 45 1500 09/25/1992 08/21/1993
DXS 0.15 0.28 01/13/1993 01/19/1993 HEASARC
ASCA 0.5 12 02/20/1993 03/01/2001 HEASARC
ALEXIS 0.066 0.093 04/25/1993 04/29/2005
GGS Wind 10 10000 11/01/1994
DMSP 12 20 1000 08/29/1994 07/31/2002
DMSP 13 20 1000 03/24/1994 11/01/2009
Rossi XTE 2 250 12/31/1995 01/04/2012 HEASARC
NEAR 1 10000 03/16/1996 02/01/2001
IRS-P3 2 18 03/21/1996 06/30/2000
BeppoSAX 0.1 500 04/30/1996 04/30/2002 HEASARC
MINISAT 1 10 200 04/21/1997 02/02/2002
Argos (USA) 1 15 05/11/1999 11/15/2000
Chandra 0.1 10 07/23/1999   HEASARC
XMM-Newton 0.1 15 12/10/1999   HEASARC
HETE-2 0.5 400 10/09/2000 04/01/2007 HEASARC
INTEGRAL 15 10000 10/01/2002   HEASARC
Swift 0.2 150 11/20/2004   HEASARC
Suzaku 0.2 600 07/10/2005   HEASARC
Fermi 8 300000000 06/11/2008   HEASARC
NICER .2 10 06/03/2017   HEASARC

This file was last modified on Wednesday, 26-Jul-2006 10:35:00 EDT


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Last modified: Wednesday, 26-Jul-2006 10:35:00 EDT