X-ray and Gamma-ray Missions

This page contains mission characteristics in tabular form.

* Table 1: Missions by time

Missions by time in graph form

Mission Low Energy High Energy Launch Deorbit/Loss Data?

Explorer 11 50000 500000 1961/04/27 1961/09/10  
Ranger 3 20 3000 1962/01/26 1962/01/26  
OSO 1 50 3000 1962/07/03 1963/06/08  
Ranger 5 20 3000 1962/10/18 1962/10/21  
OGO 1 80 1000 1964/05/09 1971/01/11  
Cosmos 60 500 2000 1965/03/12 1965/03/17  
Proton 1 50000 450000 1965/07/16 1965/10/11  
ORS 3 30 10000 1965/07/20 1965/11/03  
Proton 2 50000 450000 1965/11/02 1966/06/02  
Luna 10 300 3000 1966/03/31 1966/04/03  
OGO 3 80 1000 1966/06/07 1972/02/29  
Luna 12 300 3000 1966/10/22 1966/10/26  
Cosmos 135 400 2500 1966/12/12 1967/04/12  
OSO 3 7.7 400000 1967/03/08 1969/11/10  
ORS 4 250 6000 1967/04/28 1968/06/03  
Cosmos 163 300 3700 1967/06/05 1967/10/11  
OSO 4 8 200 1967/10/18 1971/12/07  
OGO 5 9.6 1000 1968/03/04 1972/07/14  
ESRO-2B 0.2 12.5 1968/05/17 1971/05/08  
OSO 5 14 255 1969/01/22 1975/07/01  
Vela 5A 3 750 1969/05/23 1979/04/01  
Vela 5B 3 750 1969/05/23 1979/06/19 HEASARC
OGO 6 23 500 1969/06/05 1972/07/14  
OSO 6 27 189 1969/08/09 1972/01/01  
Vela 6A & 6B 3 1500 1970/04/08 1979/04/01  
Uhuru 2 20 1970/12/12 1973/03/01 HEASARC
IMP 6 53 1150 1971/03/14 1972/09/27  
Cosmos 428 2 30 1971/06/04 1971/07/06  
Apollo 15 550 8600 1971/07/26 1971/08/07  
OSO 7 1 10000 1971/09/29 1974/09/07  
Cosmos 461 28 4100 1971/12/02 1979/02/21  
TD-1A 3 300000 1972/03/11 1973/07/01  
Apollo 16 550 8600 1972/04/16 1972/04/27  
Prognoz 2 400 11800 1972/06/29 1972/12/15  
Copernicus 0.5 10 1972/08/21 1973/07/01 HEASARC
Radsat 40 2800 1972/10/02 1973/05/01  
IMP 7 53 1150 1972/10/12 1978/10/31  
SAS 2 20000 1000000 1972/11/15 1973/06/08 HEASARC
WASS 0.16 6 1972/12/08 1980/01/21 HEASARC
Mars 4 1000 9000 1973/07/21 1974/02/10  
Mars 5 1000 9000 1973/07/25 1974/02/12  
Skylab 0.12 0.3 1973/07/28 1973/07/28  
ANS 0.2 30 1974/08/30 1976/04/26  
Ariel 5 0.3 40 1974/10/15 1980/03/14 HEASARC
Salyut 4 0.2 10 1974/12/26 1977/02/02  
Aryabhata 2.5 20000 1975/04/19 1975/04/23  
SAS 3 0.15 60 1975/05/07 1979/04/09 HEASARC
OSO 8 0.15 1000 1975/06/21 1978/10/15 HEASARC
Apollo-Soyuz 0.18 10 1975/07/17 1975/07/19  
COS B 30000 5000000 1975/08/09 1982/04/25 HEASARC
Helios 2 60 1500 1976/01/15 1981/01/01  
Solrad 11A 200 2000 1976/04/15 1977/07/01  
Solrad 11B 200 2000 1976/04/15 1976/12/01  
Cosmos 856 100000 4000000 1976/09/22 1976/10/05  
Cosmos 914 100000 4000000 1977/05/31 1977/06/13  
SIGNE 3 20 10000 1977/06/17 1979/06/22  
HEAO 1 0.15 10000 1977/08/12 1979/01/09 HEASARC
Prognoz 6 20 3000 1977/09/22 1978/03/01  
PVO 100 2000 1978/05/20 1992/10/08  
ISEE-3 5 3000 1978/08/12 1982/01/01  
Venera 11 5 3000 1978/09/09 1980/02/01  
Venera 12 5 3000 1978/09/14 1980/04/01  
Prognoz 7 50 3000 1978/10/30 1979/06/01  
Einstein (HEAO 2) 0.1 4 1978/11/13 1981/04/15 HEASARC
Hakucho 0.1 100 1979/02/21 1984/01/01  
P78-1 3 10 1979/02/24 1985/09/13  
Ariel 6 0.25 50 1979/06/02 1982/02/01  
Cosmos 1106 100 3000 1979/06/12 1979/06/25  
HEAO 3 50 10000 1979/09/20 1981/05/29 HEASARC
SMM 30 100000 1980/02/14 1989/12/02  
Venera 13 3 2000 1981/10/30 1983/03/01  
Venera 14 3 2000 1981/11/04 1983/03/01  
Tenma 0.1 60 1983/02/20 1985/01/01  
Astron 2 25 1983/03/23 1988/01/01  
EXOSAT 0.05 40 1983/05/26 1986/09/04 HEASARC
Prognoz 9 40 8000 1983/07/01 1984/03/01  
Spacelab 1 2 30 1983/11/28 1983/12/08  
Spartan 1 1 12 1985/06/20 1985/06/22  
Spacelab 2 2.5 25 1985/07/29 1985/08/06  
Kvant 2 800 1987/03/31 2001/03/23  
Ginga 1 400 1987/05/02 1991/01/11 HEASARC
DMSP 8 20 1000 1987/06/20 1994/08/01  
DMSP 9 20 1000 1988/02/03 1992/04/03  
Phobos 1 4 900 1988/07/07 1988/09/02  
Phobos 2 4 900 1988/12/07 1989/03/27  
Granat 2 100 1989/01/12 1998/11/30 HEASARC
ROSAT 0.1 2.4 1990/06/01 1999/02/18 HEASARC
Gamma 20 6000000 1990/07/11 1992/01/01  
Ulysses 5 150 1990/10/06 2009/06/30  
DMSP 10 20 1000 1990/12/01 1994/09/26  
BBXRT 0.3 12 1990/12/02 1990/12/11 HEASARC
CGRO 30 30000000 1991/04/05 2000/06/04 HEASARC
DMSP 11 20 1000 1991/11/28 2000/08/07  
SROSS 3 20 3000 1992/05/20 1992/07/14  
EUVE 0.02 0.2 1992/06/07 2001/01/31 HEASARC
EURECA 6 150 1992/07/31 1993/01/07  
Mars Observer 45 1500 1992/09/25 1993/08/21  
DXS 0.15 0.28 1993/01/13 1993/01/19 HEASARC
ASCA 0.5 12 1993/02/20 2000/07/15 HEASARC
ALEXIS 0.066 0.093 1993/04/25 1993/04/25  
GGS Wind 10 10000 1994/01/11    
DMSP 12 20 1000 1994/08/29 2008/10/13  
DMSP 13 20 1000 1995/03/24 2009/11/19  
XQC 0.1 1.1 1995/12/04 2013/11/03 HEASARC
XTE 2 250 1995/12/31 2012/01/12 HEASARC
NEAR 1 10000 1996/03/16 2001/02/28  
IRS-P3 2 18 1996/03/21 2006/01/15  
BeppoSAX 0.1 500 1996/04/30 2003/04/30 HEASARC
MINISAT 1 10 200 1997/04/21 2002/02/14  
ABRIXAS 0.5 12 1999/04/28 1999/04/30  
Argos (USA) 1 15 1999/05/11 2000/11/15  
Chandra 0.1 10 1999/07/23   HEASARC
XMM-Newton 0.1 15 1999/12/10   HEASARC
HETE-2 0.5 400 2000/10/09 2008/03/31 HEASARC
INTEGRAL 15 10000 2002/10/01   HEASARC
Swift 0.3 80 2004/11/20   HEASARC
Suzaku 0.3 80 2005/07/10 2015/07/02 HEASARC
AGILE 30000 50000000 2007/04/23    
Fermi 10000 300000 2008/06/11   HEASARC
MAXI 0.5 30 2009/07/15   HEASARC
NuStar 3 79 2012/06/13   HEASARC
CALET 7 1000000 2015/08/15   HEASARC
Astrosat 0.3 150 2015/09/28    
DAMPE 5000000 100000000000 2015/12/17    
Hitomi 0.3 600 2016/02/17 2016/03/27 HEASARC
Lomonosov 5 4000 2016/04/28 2018/06/30  
Polar 50 500 2016/09/15 2017/04/01  
XPNAV-1 0.1 10 2016/11/10    
NICER 0.2 12 2017/06/03   HEASARC
Insight/HXMT 1 350 2017/06/15    
HaloSat 0.4 7 2018/05/21 2021/01/04 HEASARC
PolarlLight 1 10 2018/10/29    
Spektr-RG 0.5 30 2019/07/13    
GECAM 5 3000 2020/12/10    
IXPE 1 10 2021/12/09   HEASARC


* Table 2: Missions by energy

Missions by energy in graph form

Mission Low Energy High Energy Launch Deorbit/Loss Data?

EUVE 0.02 0.2 1992/06/07 2001/01/31 HEASARC
EXOSAT 0.05 40 1983/05/26 1986/09/04 HEASARC
ALEXIS 0.066 0.093 1993/04/25 1993/04/25  
ROSAT 0.1 2.4 1990/06/01 1999/02/18 HEASARC
Einstein (HEAO 2) 0.1 4 1978/11/13 1981/04/15 HEASARC
Chandra 0.1 10 1999/07/23   HEASARC
XQC 0.1 1.1 1999/03/28 2013/11/03 HEASARC
XMM-Newton 0.1 15 1999/12/10   HEASARC
Tenma 0.1 60 1983/02/20 1985/01/01  
Hakucho 0.1 100 1979/02/21 1984/01/01  
BeppoSAX 0.1 500 1996/04/30 2003/04/30 HEASARC
Skylab 0.12 0.3 1973/07/28 1973/07/28  
DXS 0.15 0.28 1993/01/13 1993/01/19 HEASARC
SAS 3 0.15 60 1975/05/07 1979/04/09 HEASARC
OSO 8 0.15 1000 1975/06/21 1978/10/15 HEASARC
HEAO 1 0.15 10000 1977/08/12 1979/01/09 HEASARC
WASS 0.16 6 1972/12/08 1980/01/21 HEASARC
Apollo-Soyuz 0.18 10 1975/07/17 1975/07/19  
Salyut 4 0.2 10 1974/12/26 1977/02/02  
NICER 0.2 12 2017/06/03   HEASARC
ESRO-2B 0.2 12.5 1968/05/17 1971/05/08  
ANS 0.2 30 1974/08/30 1976/04/26  
Ariel 6 0.25 50 1979/06/02 1982/02/01  
BBXRT 0.3 12 1990/12/02 1990/12/11 HEASARC
Ariel 5 0.3 40 1974/10/15 1980/03/14 HEASARC
Suzaku 0.3 80 2005/07/10 2015/07/02 HEASARC
Swift 0.3 80 2004/11/20   HEASARC
Astrosat 0.3 150 2015/09/28    
Hitomi 0.3 600 2016/02/17 2016/03/27 HEASARC
HaloSat 0.4 7 2018/05/21 2021/01/04 HEASARC
Copernicus 0.5 10 1972/08/21 1973/07/01 HEASARC
XPNAV-1 0.1 10 2016/11/10    
ABRIXAS 0.5 12 1999/04/28 1999/04/30  
ASCA 0.5 12 1993/02/20 2000/07/15 HEASARC
MAXI 0.5 30 2009/07/15   HEASARC
Spektr-RG 0.5 30 2019/07/13    
HETE-2 0.5 400 2000/10/09 2008/03/31 HEASARC
PolarlLight 1 10 2018/10/29    
IXPE 1 10 2021/12/09   HEASARC
Spartan 1 1 12 1985/06/20 1985/06/22  
Argos (USA) 1 15 1999/05/11 2000/11/15  
Insight/HXMT 1 350 2017/06/15    
Ginga 1 400 1987/05/02 1991/01/11 HEASARC
NEAR 1 10000 1996/03/16 2001/02/28  
OSO 7 1 10000 1971/09/29 1974/09/07  
IRS-P3 2 18 1996/03/21 2006/01/15  
Uhuru 2 20 1970/12/12 1973/03/01 HEASARC
Astron 2 25 1983/03/23 1988/01/01  
Cosmos 428 2 30 1971/06/04 1971/07/06  
Spacelab 1 2 30 1983/11/28 1983/12/08  
Granat 2 100 1989/01/12 1998/11/30 HEASARC
XTE 2 250 1995/12/31 2012/01/12 HEASARC
Kvant 2 800 1987/03/31 2001/03/23  
Spacelab 2 2.5 25 1985/07/29 1985/08/06  
Aryabhata 2.5 20000 1975/04/19 1975/04/23  
P78-1 3 10 1979/02/24 1985/09/13  
NuStar 3 79 2012/06/13   HEASARC
Vela 5A 3 750 1969/05/23 1979/04/01  
Vela 5B 3 750 1969/05/23 1979/06/19 HEASARC
Vela 6A & 6B 3 1500 1970/04/08 1979/04/01  
Venera 13 3 2000 1981/10/30 1983/03/01  
Venera 14 3 2000 1981/11/04 1983/03/01  
TD-1A 3 300000 1972/03/11 1973/07/01  
Phobos 1 4 900 1988/07/07 1988/09/02  
Phobos 2 4 900 1988/12/07 1989/03/27  
Ulysses 5 150 1990/10/06 2009/06/30  
ISEE-3 5 3000 1978/08/12 1982/01/01  
Venera 11 5 3000 1978/09/09 1980/02/01  
Venera 12 5 3000 1978/09/14 1980/04/01  
GECAM 5 3000 2020/12/10    
Lomonosov 5 4000 2016/04/28 2018/06/30  
EURECA 6 150 1992/07/31 1993/01/07  
CALET 7 1000000 2015/08/15   HEASARC
OSO 3 7.7 400000 1967/03/08 1969/11/10  
OSO 4 8 200 1967/10/18 1971/12/07  
OGO 5 9.6 1000 1968/03/04 1972/07/14  
MINISAT 1 10 200 1997/04/21 2002/02/14  
GGS Wind 10 10000 1994/01/11    
OSO 5 14 255 1969/01/22 1975/07/01  
INTEGRAL 15 10000 2002/10/01   HEASARC
DMSP 8 20 1000 1987/06/20 1994/08/01  
DMSP 9 20 1000 1988/02/03 1992/04/03  
DMSP 10 20 1000 1990/12/01 1994/09/26  
DMSP 11 20 1000 1991/11/28 2000/08/07  
DMSP 12 20 1000 1994/08/29 2008/10/13  
DMSP 13 20 1000 1995/03/24 2009/11/19  
Prognoz 6 20 3000 1977/09/22 1978/03/01  
Ranger 3 20 3000 1962/01/26 1962/01/26  
Ranger 5 20 3000 1962/10/18 1962/10/21  
SROSS 3 20 3000 1992/05/20 1992/07/14  
SIGNE 3 20 10000 1977/06/17 1979/06/22  
Gamma 20 6000000 1990/07/11 1992/01/01  
OGO 6 23 500 1969/06/05 1972/07/14  
OSO 6 27 189 1969/08/09 1972/01/01  
Cosmos 461 28 4100 1971/12/02 1979/02/21  
ORS 3 30 10000 1965/07/20 1965/11/03  
SMM 30 100000 1980/02/14 1989/12/02  
CGRO 30 30000000 1991/04/05 2000/06/04 HEASARC
Radsat 40 2800 1972/10/02 1973/05/01  
Prognoz 9 40 8000 1983/07/01 1984/03/01  
Mars Observer 45 1500 1992/09/25 1993/08/21  
Polar 50 500 2016/09/15 2017/04/01  
OSO 1 50 3000 1962/07/03 1963/06/08  
Prognoz 7 50 3000 1978/10/30 1979/06/01  
HEAO 3 50 10000 1979/09/20 1981/05/29 HEASARC
IMP 6 53 1150 1971/03/14 1972/09/27  
IMP 7 53 1150 1972/10/12 1978/10/31  
Helios 2 60 1500 1976/01/15 1981/01/01  
OGO 1 80 1000 1964/05/09 1971/01/11  
OGO 3 80 1000 1966/06/07 1972/02/29  
PVO 100 2000 1978/05/20 1992/10/08  
Cosmos 1106 100 3000 1979/06/12 1979/06/25  
Solrad 11A 200 2000 1976/04/15 1977/07/01  
Solrad 11B 200 2000 1976/04/15 1976/12/01  
ORS 4 250 6000 1967/04/28 1968/06/03  
Luna 10 300 3000 1966/03/31 1966/04/03  
Luna 12 300 3000 1966/10/22 1966/10/26  
Cosmos 163 300 3700 1967/06/05 1967/10/11  
Cosmos 135 400 2500 1966/12/12 1967/04/12  
Prognoz 2 400 11800 1972/06/29 1972/12/15  
Cosmos 60 500 2000 1965/03/12 1965/03/17  
Apollo 15 550 8600 1971/07/26 1971/08/07  
Apollo 16 550 8600 1972/04/16 1972/04/27  
Mars 4 1000 9000 1973/07/21 1974/02/10  
Mars 5 1000 9000 1973/07/25 1974/02/12  
Fermi 10000 300000 2008/06/11   HEASARC
SAS 2 20000 1000000 1972/11/15 1973/06/08 HEASARC
COS B 30000 5000000 1975/08/09 1982/04/25 HEASARC
AGILE 30000 50000000 2007/04/23    
Proton 1 50000 450000 1965/07/16 1965/10/11  
Proton 2 50000 450000 1965/11/02 1966/06/02  
Explorer 11 50000 500000 1961/04/27 1961/09/10  
Cosmos 856 100000 4000000 1976/09/22 1976/10/05  
Cosmos 914 100000 4000000 1977/05/31 1977/06/13  
DAMPE 5000000 100000000000 2015/12/17    


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Last modified: Wednesday, 23-Feb-2022 18:16:48 EST